Table of Contents E4142 0 introduction 2



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E4142

REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE

MINISTÉRIO DA PLANIFICAÇÃO E DESENVOLVIMENTO

DIRECÇÃO NACIONAL DE SERVIÇOS DE PLANEAMENTO

Mozambique Integrated Growth Poles Project

(P127303)

PEST MANAGEMENT PLAN (PMP)

Draft Final

Maputo, February, 2013



Table of Contents

E4142 0

1. INTRODUCTION 2

2 PROJECT DESCRIPTION 3

3 - PROJECT TARGETED AREAS 4

4. POLICY AND INSTITUTIOAL FRAMEWORK 7

5. PEST MANAGEMENT APPROACH 9

5.1 Current and anticipated pest problems 9

5.2. Relevant IPM experience within the project area 10

5.3. Current pest management practices 10

5.4. Pesticides management 11

6. ENVIROMENTAL, OCCUPATIOAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH POTENTIAL IMPACTS, MITIGATION MEASURES AND MONITORING 13

6.1. Towards IPM 16

6.2. Authorized pesticides 18

7. INDICATIVE BUDGET 19

MINISTÉRIO DA PLANIFICACAO E DA DISENVOLVIMENTO 35

DIRECÇÃO NACIONAL DE SERVIÇOS DE PLANEAMENTO 35

Terms of Reference for Consulting Services 35

Maputo, October, 2012 35

Table 1: Overview of pesticide management 12

Table 2. Potential impacts, mitigation measures and indicators of monitoring 15

Table 3: Objectives of an IPM 17


Annex 1: Registered Pesticides in Mozambique (June 2012) 1

Annex 2: WHO Pesticide Classification List 29

Annex 3: List of People Consulted (Detailed consultation is included in the ESMF) 34

Annex 4: Terms of Reference for the Formulation of the ESMF, PMP and RPF 35



The increase of modern agriculture and agribusiness development areas associated with the Integrated Growth Poles Project (Project) may lead to an increase in pest populations and subsequently a raise in pesticide usage to control them, as well as an increase in the use of chemical fertilizers. Any increase in pest populations may be detrimental to agricultural productivity or human/animal health, which in turn will increase the dependency on pesticides. Any subsequent increase in the use of chemicals has the potential to cause harm to users, to the public and to the environment.

In the context of this Project, a pest may be defined as any organism whose presence causes economic loss or otherwise detracts from human welfare. The term covers a broad range of organisms (plants, animals and microorganisms) that reduce productivity of agriculture. Pest management issues can be raised on a variety of smallholder and small-scale commercial agriculture sub-projects such as:



  • New land-use development or changed cultivation practices in an area;

  • Expansion of agricultural activities into new areas;

  • Diversification into new agricultural crops, particularly if these tend to receive high usage of pesticides - e.g. sugar-cane, fruit, vegetables, cotton and rice;

  • Intensification of existing low-technology agriculture systems.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) based pest management is a mix of farmer-driven, ecologically based pest control practices that seek to reduce reliance on chemical pesticides. It involves: i) managing pests (keeping them below economic impact levels) rather than seeking to eradicate them; ii) relying, to the extent possible, on non-chemical measures to keep pest populations low; and iii) selecting and applying pesticides, when they have to be used (rational use), in a way that minimizes adverse effects on beneficial organisms, humans and the environment (World Bank Pest Management Guidebook – http://go.worldbank.org/JORIVUFLRO).

This report presents the Pest Management Plan (PMP) to manage potential pest problems that may develop and help ensure that the use of all pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, chemical fertilizers and other chemicals associated with the Project will be handled properly and in accordance with World Bank Operational Policy 4.09 – Pest Management. According to this policy the PMP is based on the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach, which promotes good agricultural practice through the use of responsible and sustainable activities that will result in a rational and a reduction in pesticide use. This PMP is focused particularly on three main crop systems to be developed by the Project: flatland medium-scale rice, flatland medium-scale sugar-cane and flatland and upland small-scale horticulture.




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