Portuguese nouns and their genders checklist



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portuguese nouns and their genders checklist
A noun is a part of speech that describes a thing, person, place, event, concept or other substance or entity. Nouns in Portuguese are either masculine or feminine; the neuter, or genderless noun, has died out. In a great number of cases, it is usually possible to tell the gender of the noun from its ending. This document indicates whether a noun, or subset of nouns, are masculine or feminine, together with other groups of nouns which take an invariable masculine or feminine form, but may refer to persons or other entities of either gender.

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FEMININE NOUNS


The following endings denote a feminine noun.
Nouns ending in –ade and –ude:
A amizade friendship

A igualdade equality


A piedade pity

A prioridade priority

A nacionalidade nationality

A tranquilidade tranquillity

A universidade university




A juventude youth


A virtude virtue
Nouns ending in –gem:
A engrenagem gear (of car)

A ferragem hardwear

A folhagem foliage

A homenagem tribute, homage


A malandragem double-dealing, cunning

A margem margin

A paragem stop

A viagem journey
Nouns ending in –ção, -são, -stão or –gião, corresponding to the English endings –tion, -sion, -stion, -gion.
A erudição learning

A ilustração illustration

A imitação imitation

A intenção intention


A nação nation

A posição position

BUT: O coração heart
A decisão decision

A evasão evasion

A ilusão illusion
A combustão combustion

A congestão congestion




A religião religion


A região region
Nouns ending in -cie:
A imundície filth

A meninice childhood

A planície plain

A superfície surface

A velhice old age
Feminine nouns which refer to entities of either gender
The following nouns are invariably feminine, but may apply to either gender.


A besta beast, animal

A criança child

A pessoa person

A testemunha witness

A vítima victim



MASCULINE NOUNS


As a general rule, nouns ending in unstressed –o are masculine:
O amigo male friend O marido husband

O carro car O tio uncle

O ano year O primo cousin
An exception to this rule is a tribo (tribe) and a foto (photo)

Masculine nouns ending in -a

There are several groups of masculine nouns which end in the vowel –a.


1. Firstly, there are a number of nouns which end in unstressed

-a. The ones you are most likely to come across are:
O dia day O planeta planet

O mapa map O guia guide
2. Nouns which end in stressed –a, indicated by either the acute

accent or tilde, are also, as a general rule, masculine. Some

examples are:
O chá tea

O guaraná Brazilian herb and soft drink

O pá mate, shovel

O sofá sofa

O galã leading man

O imã magnet

O talismã talisman


O cardigã cardigan

O sutiã brassiere (Braz.)
NOTE: A maçã apple

A lã wool
3. Words which derive directly from the Greek ending in -ma

are also masculine:


O drama drama

O sistema system

O diagrama diagram

O programa programme

O clima climate

O telefonema telephone call

O miasma decay

NOTE: Watch out for: A fama fame



A chama flame
Other masculine noun endings
1. As a general rule, nouns ending in –me are masculine:
O legume vegetable

O volume volume

O cume top, summit

O lume fire or light

O queixume lament

O costume custom

O uniforme uniform
O nome name
O exame exam
NOTE: watch out for a fome hunger

a vexame shame, disgrace
2. As a general rule, nouns which end in –r are masculine:
O prazer pleasure

O motor motor

O andar floor, storey

O ar air

O ardor ardour, passion

O aspirador vacuum cleaner

O mar sea

O prazer pleasure

O colar necklace

O humor humour

O lar home

O furor fury, rage

O par pair, couple
NOTE: a dor pain

a mulher woman

a colher spoon
3. Nouns which end in –l are masculine:
O caracol snail

O canil kennel

O casal couple

O fossil fossil

O anel ring

O futebol football

O fuzil rifle

O hospital hospital

O têxtil textile

O réptil reptile

O perfil profile

O lençol sheet

O painel panel, picture

O papel paper

O mel honey
4. Nouns ending in –m are masculine:
O patim skate

O jardim garden

O capim grass

O talharim tagliatelle or noodles
Masculine and feminine nouns ending in –e, ão and -z
In the case of nouns ending in –e, -ão and –z it is not always possible to tell the gender simply by looking at the endings. Some of the most common nouns in these categories are shown below.

Nouns ending in –e




MASCULINE

FEMININE


O peixe fish

O cárcere prison

O cheque cheque


O desfile procession

O envelope envelope

O esmalte nail polish

O ente being

O estresse (Br.) stress

O gabinete office

O chicote whip

O limite limit


O monte hill, pile

O leste east


O resgate ransom

O pé foot

O recorte cutting, clip

O sangue blood

O satellite satellite

O traje dress, suit

NOTE:


O parente relative

A frase sentence

A tarde afternoon

A frente front

A gafe gaffe

A greve strike

A lente lens

A massacre massacre

A maré tide

A mercê mercy






Masculine nouns which refer to entities of either gender
The following nouns are invariably masculine, but may apply to either gender.


O animal animal

O anjo angel

O cônjuge spouse

O indivíduo individual



Nouns ending in –ão
Nouns ending in –ão (NOT ção or são) can be masculine or feminine.

MASCULINE

FEMININE

O avião aeroplane

O escorregão slip-up


O pão bread

O travão brake

O trovão thunder

O volcão volcano

A escuridão darkness

A escravidão slavery


A mão hand

A vastidão immensity




Nouns ending in –z




MASCULINE

FEMININE


O xerez sherry

O arroz rice

O cartaz poster, bill

O xadrez chess

A luz light

A maciez softness

A matriz womb, mould

A palidez paleness



Some irregular feminine and masculine nouns:

relatives, professions, titles, nationalities, animals

MASCULINE


NOUN

FEMININE

O judeu

O europeu

O alemão

O catalão


Jew

European

German

Catalan

A judeia

A europeia

A alemã

A catalã

O pai

O avô

O marido

O sogro

O genro




O irmão

O padrasto

O rapaz


Father

Grandfather/grandmother

Husband/wife

Father-in-law

Son-in-law/daughter-in-law

Brother/sister

Stepfather/stepmother

Boy/girl

A mãe

A avó

A esposa

A sogra

A genra




A irmã

A madrasta


A rapariga (Pt)

O ator

O embaixador

A monge

O poeta

O juiz

O campeão

O herói

O cidadão

Actor/actress

Ambassador

Monk/nun

Poet

Judge

Champion

Hero

Citizen

A atriz

A embaixatriz

A monja

A poetisa

A juiza

A campeã

A heroina

A cidadã

O rei

O príncipe

O duque

O conde

O barão

O cavaleiro


King/queen

Prince/princess

Duke/duchess

Count/countess

Baron/baroness

Gentleman/lady

A rainha

A princesa

A duquesa

A condesa

A baronesa

A dama

O boi

O galo

O cão


Bull/cow

Cock/hen

Dog/bitch

A vaca

A galinha


A cadela

or a cachorra (Br.)



Nouns which are invariable in gender
Another group of nouns, referring to profession, status or nationalities are invariable, that is, they don’t change whether the person they are referring to is male or female. Gender is indicated by the definite article o or a or the indefinite article um or uma.


o/a camarada

o/a carioca

o/a colega

o/a indígena

o/a guia

o/a patriota

comrade

native of Rio de Janeiro

colleague, classmate

indigenous person

guide

patriot


o/a homicídio

o/a suicídio

homicide, murdered person

suicide


o/a burocrata

o/a democrata

bureaucrat

democrat


o/a canadense

o/a estadunense

o/a timorense

Canadian

native of the United states of America

native of East Timor


o/a artista

o/a motorista

o/a taxista

o/a tenista

artist

driver


taxi driver

tennis player



o/a estudante

o/a cliente

o/a doente

o/a gerente

student

client, customer

invalid, ill person

boss, manager



o/a cadete

o/a intérprete

cadet

interpreter



o/a jovem

young person

Margaret Anne Clarke



2014

Catálogo: 3411

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