Affirmative Singular: Plural



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Verb to be

Affirmative

Singular:              Plural:

- I am                    - we are  
- You are               - you are
- He is                   - they are
- She is
- It is

Negative

Singular:              Plural:
- I am not               - We are not  
- You am not          - You are not 
- He is not             - they are not  
- She is not
- It is not 

Interrogative

Singular:                Plural:     
- Am I ?                 - Are we?
- Are you?             -  Are you?
- Is he?                 -  Are they?
- Is she?
- Is it?

Exemplos:

Affirmative                              Negative                                    

I am Rodrigo                             He is not tall


She is Cassandra                     She is not from Minas Gerais
He is Pedro                              I am not good singer
They are very happy                  We are not the champion 
We are a good soccer player     They are not riches

Interrogative

How are you?


Who is he?
Who is she?
Who is a good man?
Who is the tall?


Present Continuous tense


Affirmative
  
- I am  + verb+ing                  
- You are  + verb+ ing            
- He is + verb+ ing                 
- She is + verb+ ing
- It is + verb+ ing
- we are + verb+ ing
- you are + verb+ ing
- they are + verb+ ing

Negative

- I am not + verb+ ing              


- You are not + verb+ ing        
- He is not + verb+ ing            
- She is not + verb+ ing
- It is not  + verb+ ing
- We are not   + verb+ ing
- You are not  + verb+ ing
- they are not   + verb+ ing

Interrogative

- Am + verb+ ing I ?                 


- Are + verb+ ing you?             
- Is + verb+ ing he?                    
- Is  + verb+ ing she?
- Is + verb+ ing it?
- Are + verb+ ing you?
- Are  + verb+ ing they?

Exemplos:

Affirmative

I am sleeping


You are cooking
They are visiting
We are walking
You is playing baseball

Negative

I am not helping


He is not cooking
She is not visiting
They are not studying
We are not fining

Interrogative

Are you reading letter?


Is he a good cooking?
Is she good singer?
Are we tall?
Are they beautiful woman?


Simple past

Affirmative
  
- I was                   
- You were
- He was
- She was
- It were
- We were
- You were
- They were

Negative

- I was not


- You were not
- He was not
- She was not
- It were not
- We were not
- You were not
- They were not

Interrogative
  
- Was I?
- Were you?
- Was she?
- Was he?
- Was it?
- Were we?
- Were you?
- Were they?

Exemplos:




Affirmative 

I was one


She was marking reports
She was busy the police station
It was awful
School was out earlier today

Negative
  
I was not a gardener
My brothers where not a plumber
Those boys were not painters
She was not a nurse
She was not a bus driver

Interrogative 

When was the girl at the park?


Where were the two friends last Sunday?
Who was at home last night?
When were the girls in Paris?
Who was at school yesterday?


Past Continues tense


Affirmative 

- I was  + verb + ing    


- You were + verb + ing    
- He was + verb + ing    
- She was + verb + ing    
- It were + verb + ing    
- We were + verb + ing    
- You were + verb + ing    
- They were + verb + ing   

Negative

- I was not + verb + ing    


- You were not + verb + ing    
- He was not + verb + ing    
- She was not verb + ing    
- It were not  + verb + ing    
- We were not + verb + ing    
- You were not + verb + ing    
- They were not + verb + ing   

Interrogative

- Was + verb + ing  I?


- Were + verb + ing  you?
- Was + verb + ing  she?
- Was + verb + ing  he?
- Was + verb + ing  it?
- Were + verb + ing  we?
- Were + verb + ing  you?
- Were + verb + ing  they?

Exemplos:

Affirmative

I was playing soccer


He was reading a book
They were swimming
He was sleeping
They were helping mom

Negative

I was not cooking


He was not dancing
She was not eating
We were not playing basketball
They were not talking on telephone

Interrogative

Was the girl writing yesterday?


Was the boy sleeping?
Were the girls studying?
Was Simon singing at 10 o’clock?
Was Sandra teaching Portuguese?


Simple future


Affirmative

- I Will
- You Will


- He will
- She will
- It will
- We will
- You will
- They will

Negative

- I will not


- You will not
- He will not
- She will not
- It will not
- We will not
- You will not
- They will not

Interrogative

- Will I?


- Will you?
- Will he?
- Will she?
- Will it?
- Will we?
- Will you?
- Will they?

Exemplos:

Affirmative
  
I will buy a bike

She will go to beach

He will go tomorrow

He will go to garage

We will ho next week


Negative 

I will not a operator

She will not a cashier

He will not a librarian

We will not an electrician

They will not watch TV



Interrogative 

Where will they try?

Where will she go?

When will he go?

Where will Sonia go?

Where will Ruan go?



Simple present tense

Affirmative

I am boy
You are a girl


She is a woman
He is a man
It is a dog

Negative

I am not happy


He is not beautiful
She is not style
We are not good
They are not bad

Interrogative

Is it a dog?


Is she not style?
Are we not good singer?
Is He a man?
Is she a beautiful girl?


OBS: Verbos com terminações especiais

- To do – does
- To wash – washes
- To kiss – kisses
- To box – boxes
- To play – plays
- To study – studies
- To watch – watches

Does he like potato?
He washes his car.
She kisses my brother and me.
He put pens in boxes.
She plays tennis.
They studies math.

 



Simple Past

Affirmative

- I did +irregular verb


- You did +irregular verb
- He did +irregular verb
- She did +irregular verb
- It did +irregular verb
- We did +irregular verb
- You did +irregular verb
- They did +irregular verb

Negative

- I did not +irregular verb


- You did not +irregular verb
- He did not + irregular verb
- She did not +irregular verb
- It did not  +irregular verb
- We did not  +irregular verb
- You did not + irregular verb
- They did not+ irregular verb

Interrogative

- Did I +irregular verb?                      


- Did you +irregular verb?                                    
- Did he +irregular verb?                                       
- Did she +irregular verb?                     
- Did it +irregular verb?                     
-  Did we +irregular verb?                        
-  Did you +irregular verb?                     
-  Did they +irregular verb?

Exemplos:

Affirmative

- I bought milk


- I taught math
- He wrote letter for parents
- They put shoes black
- We saw pyramids the Egypt

Negative

- I did not slept


- He did not Spoke
- She did not Thought
- We did not Flew
- You did not taught

Interrogative

- Did they paint the window?


- Did he wash the dog?
- Did she water the flowers?
- Did he fix the TV?

Did they clean the kitchen?



Uniform

Infinitive             Simple Past             Past participle

To bet                       bet                              bet     


To cost                     cost                            cost
To cut                       cut                              cut
To hit                        hit                                hit
To hurt                     hurt                               hurt
To let                        let                                let
To read                     read                             read

Biform

To bring                   brought                          brought 


To build                   built                                built
To buy                    bought                            bought
To catch                 caught                             caught
To have                    had                                had
To hear                     heard                            heard
To sell                      sold                              sold         

Triform

To be                    was/were                         been


To begin                began                              begun   
To choose             chose                              chosen
To do                    did                                   done
To drink                 drank                               drunk
To drive                 drove                                driven
To eat                   ate                                   eaten
To write                 wrote                                written


Present perfect tense

Affirmative

- I have
- You have


- He has
- She has
- It has
- We have
- You have
- They have

Negative

- I have not


- You have not
- He has not
- She has not
- It has not
- We have not
- You have not
- They have not

Interrogative

- Have I?


- Have you?
- Has he?
- Has she?
- Has it?
- Have we?
- Have you?
- Have they?

Exemplos:




Affirmative

I have milk drunk


He has live in Rio de Janeiro
She has sold her car
We have gone to NY
They have seen an accident

Negative

He has not been a France


You have not found sunglasses
She has not been a motorbike
They have not gone theater
You have not lived in Italy

Interrogative

Has he been to England?


Have you sold your car?
Have you talked to the bus driver?
Has she walked to the supermarket?
Has he searched his sunglasses?


Conditional verb tense

Since or for

Since (início de uma ação)

For (período de tempo especifico)

Example

I have been here since 9 o’clock.

I have lived there for 10 years.

 
Just, already and yet



Just (ação que acabou de acontecer)

Already (perguntas e frases afirmativas)

Yet (perguntas e frases negativas)

Example

The plane has just arrived

She has already done her exercises

The baby has not slept yet




Ever or Never 

Ever (usado em perguntas)

Never (usado em frases negativas)
 
Example

Have you ever seen that movie?

I have never been to the place.
 

If or Clause


If (uma condição)

Clause (parte da oração) 

Example

If I going to farm

I defend decimal clause the statute of advocate 

Question word

What

What is your name?


What color is it?
What is the mater?
What about?
What now?
 
Where

Where is the light switch in this room?


Where will we go on vacation?
Where will they spend the weekend?
Where have gone recently?
Where have you taken the children? 
 
When

When did you start working at your job?


When was the last time that you traveled?
When did you last visit your grandmother?
When do you like to go out?
When do you usually?

Why

Why are Brazilians going to Miami?


Why are people usually fired?
Why should businessman study English?
Why do you live in this city?
Why do you want to live in the States?
  
Who

Who speak English at your house?


Who is youngest in this class?
Who was the first president of Brazil?
Who cooks best your house?
Who is your best friend?
 
How Many

How many days are there in a year?


How many states are there in the USA?
How many states are there in Brazil?
How many countries are there in South America?
How many secretaries are there at your work?
  
How much
How much that calculator?
How mucho this pen?
How much those pencils?
How much these eraser?
How much this box?  

Adverbs

Personal        Possessives adjectives         Object pronouns

I                                  My                                      Me  
You                             your                                     you
He                               His                                      him 
She                             Her                                      hers
it                                 its                                        its
We                              our                                      ours
You                             your                                     yours
They                            their                                     theirs
  
Possessives                  Reflexives
Mine                               myself 
Yours                              yourself
His                                  himself
Hers                                herself
Its                                    itself
Ours                                ourselves
Yours                              yourselves
Theirs                              themselves

Important

I always get up at 7:00 o'clock. (Eu sempre levanto às 7:00.)

I never watch TV in the afternoon. (Eu nunca assisto televisão de tarde.)

I sometimes take a shower in the morning. (Eu tomo banho de manhã às vezes.)

TEMPOS VERBAIS DO INGLÊS (RESUMO)
Ilázaro Fugueiredo
A. SIMPLE TENSES
1. SIMPLE PRESENT

1.a. SUJEITOS: I, YOU, WE e THEY

Auxiliar afirmativo: não tem (basta colocar o verbo principal no presente sem s no final)

Auxiliar negativo: do not (don't) + verbo principal sem o s

Auxiliar in terrogativo: do + verbo principal sem o s


A: YOU LOVE MY SCHOLL: você ama minha escola

N: YOU DON'T LOVE MY SCHOOL

I: DO YOU LOVE MY SCHOOL?
1.b. SUJEITOS: HE, SHE e IT

Auxiliar afirmativo: não tem (basta colocar o verbo principal no presente com s no final)

Auxiliar negativo: does not (doesn't) + verbo principal sem o s

Auxiliar in terrogativo: does + verbo principal sem o s


A: HE LOVES MY SCHOLL: ele ama minha escola

N: HE DOEN'T LOVE MY SCHOOL

I: DOES HE LOVE MY SCHOOL?
2. SIMPLE PAST

Auxiliar afirmativo: não tem (basta colocar o verbo principal no passado)

Auxiliar negativo: did not (didn't)

Auxiliar in terrogativo: did


A: HE LOVED MY SCHOLL: ele amou/amava minha escola

N: HE DIDN'T LOVE MY SCHOOL

I: DID HE LOVE MY SCHOOL?
obs: os verbos em inglês podem ser regulares (passado com-ed) ou irregulares (passado sem -ed).

Link verbos regulares: http://www.brasilescola.com/ingles/simple-past.htm

Link verbos irregulares: http://www.sk.com.br/sk-irrve.html
3. SIMPE FUTURE

Auxiliar afirmativo: will + verbo no presente

Auxiliar negativo: will not (won't)

Auxiliar in terrogativo: will


A: HE WILL LOVE MY SCHOLL: ele amará minha escola

N: HE WILL NOT LOVE MY SCHOOL

I: WILL HE LOVE MY SCHOOL?
4. SIMPLE CONDITIONAL

Auxiliar afirmativo: would + verbo no presente

Auxiliar negativo: would not (wouldn't)

Auxiliar in terrogativo: would


A: HE WOULD LOVE MY SCHOLL: ele amaria minha escola

N: HE WOULD NOT LOVE MY SCHOOL

I: WOULD HE LOVE MY SCHOOL?
==================================================================
B. CONTINUOUS TENSES

1. PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Auxiliar afirmativo: to be presente (am, is, are) + verbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar negativo: am not, is not (isn't), are not (aren't) + verrbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar in terrogativo: is, am, are + sujeito + verbo terminado em -ing


A: HE IS LOVING MY SCHOLL: ele está amando minha escola

N: HE IS NOT LOVING MY SCHOOL

I: IS HE LOVING MY SCHOOL?
2. PAST CONTINUOUS

Auxiliar afirmativo: to be passado (was, were) + verbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar negativo: was not (wasn't), were not (weren't) + verrbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar in terrogativo: was, were + sujeito + verbo terminado em -ing


A: HE WAS LOVING MY SCHOLL: ele estava amando minha escola

N: HE WAS NOT LOVING MY SCHOOL

I: WAS HE LOVING MY SCHOOL?
3. FUTURE CONTINUOUS

Auxiliar afirmativo: will be + verbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar negativo: will not be (won't be) + verrbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar in terrogativo: will + sujeito + be + verbo terminado em -ing


A: HE WILL BE LOVING MY SCHOLL: ele estará amando minha escola

N: HE WILL NOT BE LOVING MY SCHOOL

I: WILL HE BE LOVING MY SCHOOL?
4. CONDITIONAL CONTINUOUS

Auxiliar afirmativo: would be + verbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar negativo: would not be (wuldn't be) + verrbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar in terrogativo: would + sujeito + be + verbo terminado em -ing


A: HE WOULD BE LOVING MY SCHOLL: ele estaria amando minha escola

N: HE WOULD NOT BE LOVING MY SCHOOL

I: WOULD HE BE LOVING MY SCHOOL?
===================================================================
C. PERFECT TENSES

1. PRESENT PERFECT  (have: I, you, we, they  / has: he, she, it)

Auxiliar afirmativo: have / has + verbo no particípio passado

Auxiliar negativo: have not (haven't)  /  has not (hasn't) + verbo no particípio pasado

Auxiliar in terrogativo: have / has + sujeito + verbo no particípio pasado


A: YOU HAVE LOVED MY SCHOLL: você tem amado minha escola

N: YOU HAVE NOT LOVED MY SCHOOL

I: HAVE YOU LOVED MY SCHOOL?
2. PAST PERFECT

Auxiliar afirmativo: had + verbo no particípio passado

Auxiliar negativo: had not (hadn't) + verbo no particípio passado

Auxiliar in terrogativo: had + sujeito + verbo no particípio passado


A: YOU HAD LOVED MY SCHOLL: você tinha amado minha escola

N: YOU HAD NOT LOVED MY SCHOOL

I: HAD YOU LOVED MY SCHOOL?
3. FUTURE PERFECT (will have: I, you, we, they / will has: he, she, it)

Auxiliar afirmativo: will have / will has + verbo no particípio passado

Auxiliar negativo: will not have (won't have) /will not has (won't has) + verbo no particípio pasado

Auxiliar in terrogativo: will + sujeito + have / will + sujeito + has + verbo no participio passado


A: YOU WILL HAVE LOVED MY SCHOLL:  você terá amado minha escola

N: YOU WILL NOT HAVE LOVED MY SCHOOL

I: WILL YOU HAVE LOVED MY SCHOOL?
4. CONDITIONAL PERFECT (would have: I, you, we, they / would has: he, she, it)

Auxiliar afirmativo: would have / would has + verbo no particípio passado

Auxiliar negativo: would not have (wouldn't have) /would not has (wouldn't has) + verbo no particípio pasado

Auxiliar in terrogativo: would + sujeito + have / would + sujeito + has + verbo no participio no passado


A: YOU WOULD HAVE LOVED MY SCHOLL:  você teria amado minha escola

N: YOU WOULD NOT HAVE LOVED MY SCHOOL

I: WOULD YOU HAVE LOVED MY SCHOOL?
==================================================================
D. PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSES                            (been: sido, estado)

1. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS (have been: I, you, we, they)

                                                                             (has been: he, she, it)

Auxiliar afirmativo: have been / has been + verbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar negativo: have not being (haven

t been)  / has not been (hasn't been) + verbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar interrogativo: have + sujeito + been + verbo terminado em -ing


A: YOU HAVE BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL: você tem estado amando minha escola

N: YOU HAVE NOT BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL

I: HAVE YOU BEING LOVINMG MY SCHOOL
2. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS (had been:todas as pessoas)

Auxiliar afirmativo: had been+ verbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar negativo: had not being (hadn't been)  + verbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar interrogativo: had+ sujeito + been +verbo terminado em -ing


A: YOU HAD BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL: você tinha estado amando a minha escola

N: YOU HAD NOT BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL

I: HAD YOU BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL
3. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS (will have been: I, you, we, they)

                                                                            (will has been: he, she, it)

Auxiliar afirmativo: will have been / will has been + verbo terminado em -ing

Auxiliar negativo: will not have been (won't have been)  / will not has being (won't has been) + verbo no particípio passado

Auxiliar interrogativo: will + sujeito + have been + verbo terminado em -ing

                                        will + sujeito + has been + verbo terminado em -ing


A: YOU WILL HAVE BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL: você terá estado amando minha escola

N: YOU WILL NOT HAVE BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL

I: WILL YOU HAVE BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL?
4. CONDITIONAL PERFECT CONTINUOUS (would have been: I, you, we, they)

                                                                                         (would has been: he, she, it)

Auxiliar afirmativo: would have been / would has been + verbo no particípio passado

Auxiliar negativo: would not have been (wouldn't have been)  / would not has been (wouldn't has been) + verbo no particípio passado

Auxiliar interrogativo: would + sujeito + have been + verbo terminado em -ing

                                        wouldl + sujeito + has been + verbo terminado em -ing


A: YOU WOULD HAVE BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL: você teria estado amando minha escola

N: YOU WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL



I: WOULD YOU HAVE BEEN LOVING MY SCHOOL?


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